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What is DNS propagation and why does it take so long?

DNS propagation, a process that can be puzzling for many website owners and administrators, plays a crucial role in how your domain functions on the internet. 

This article provides comprehensive information on DNS propagation, explaining what it is, why it takes so long.



What is DNS Propagation?


When DNS Records are added or updated, the change can take up to 48 hours to take effect due to caching. When your domain is opened in a web browser, the request is not going to the hosting server directly. It has to pass through several ISP (Internet Service Provider) nodes first, so your computer starts by checking local DNS cache. Afterwards, the request is sent to your Internet Service Provider, and from there, to the hosting server. Each node will check its cache first, and because ISP’s refresh their caching at different intervals, it can take some time for changes you’ve made to reflect globally.


Checking Propagation


Propagation is dependent upon the record’s TTL setting, a visitor’s ISP, and their location. Because of this, it is difficult to determine when propagation has finished without the use of a DNS resolution tool. Some popular tools include:

Frequently asked questions on DNS Propagation:


Why does DNS propagation take time, and can it be expedited?

DNS propagation takes time due to the caching mechanism in place at different levels of the internet infrastructure. Unfortunately, you cannot expedite this process; it depends on ISPs updating their caches.


Updated on November 14, 2023

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